There are two main cell types in the pancreas, a flat, thin organ that is situated in the front of the belly close to the stomach. Exocrine pancreas generates digestive enzymes that are sent into the intestines to break down food, while endocrine pancreas produces hormones (insulin, glucagon) that control blood sugar.
The exocrine portion of the pancreas is inflamed by pancreatitis. The stomach, small intestine, and liver may all be impacted by an inflamed pancreas, which is unpleasant and swollen. The majority of the clinical indications observed are caused by swelling and inflammation of the pancreas and these other organs.